India : Climate Change Adaptation in Chhattisgarh (Where the Rain Falls II)

Fiche projet

Début : janvier 2014
Fin : janvier 2017
Localisation : (Location) Chhattisgarh State
Budget : €734.000
Partenaires locaux : (Local partners) Local authorities as Panchayati Raj Institutions; Engagement with a local NGO will be explored, especially for community mobilization and collectivization.
Financé par : AXA
Bénéficiaires : (Beneficiaries) Adivasi communities (especially women) in 20 villages located in the targeted region.

Where The Rain Falls is a community-based in situ adaptation project aimed at increasing the resilience of Adivasi women to shocks and stresses around water caused by climate change in the Jashpur District of Chhattisgarh State. Though Adivasi communities, and particularly women, make up majority of populationin this area, they still face discrimination.

Context

The first phase of the project Where The Rain Falls (2011-2014), focused on research-action carried out by a multidisciplinary team led by CARE International in collaboration with the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security. The project investigates how changing rainfall patterns impact rural communities by providing a more nuanced understanding of the links between rainfall variability, food and livelihood security, as well as migration in eight case study countries: Bangladesh, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Peru, Tanzania, Thailand and Viet Nam.

This study demonstrates that Jashpur district receives a normal rainfall of 1400 mm with 65 rainy days per year. However, there has been a sharp decline in rainfall since 1990. Water levels in the district's wells have been falling, and the change in rainfall has severely and adversely impacted the local food production system. Availability and access of forest-dependent households to Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) - essential to households' food security - has decreased. In all villages, agriculture has shifted from multicropping to mono-cropping, forcing people to migrate seasonally for labor.

Since its beginning, the project promotes the importance of an effective collaboration between community institutions to enhance the Adivasi women's access, control and management of critical resources. A work on the improvement of soil, land, water, and forest management with community participation in project villages was also implemented.

The Second phase of the project seeks to address chronic risks like food and water insecurity arising out of climate change and impacting Adivasi women's access, control, and management of natural resources.

In this way, Where the Rain Falls (phase II) is implementing the following strategies:

  • Reducing existing vulnerabilities of Adivasi women and their households;
  • Building new forms of resilience;
  • Strengthening existing mechanisms, practices and opportunities which provide for resilience.

Objectives

Overall objective : To enhance capacities, capabilities and confidence of Adivasi women and girls to adapt and cope with environmental risks and related economic risks arising out of climate change.

Specific objectives :

  • To support inclusive and effective collectivities for building solidarity, promoting gender equity and facilitating the access of Adivasi women and girls to opportunities, entitlements, resources, services, and markets;
  • To engage with other critical actors (households, communities, government, market, local authorities) to support equitable participation of Adivasi women in agriculture, markets, and decision-making related to the governance of productive resources and assets;
  • To facilitate governance and management of community resources with an effective participation of local communities, especially that of Adivasi women;
  • To generate knowledge products from field learnings to contribute to future program and advocacy strategies of CARE India and beyond related to: adaptation in Adivasi areas; climate smart agriculture; and collectives.

Activities

Results :

  • Enhanced capabilities and capacities of Adivasi women to manage economic and environmental risks posed by climate change;
  • Inclusive and effective collectives are able to negotiate and productively engage with government, markets, and other key stakeholders;
  • Positive and enabling attitude of various actors that supports engagement of Adivasi women in agriculture, markets, and decision-making related to the governance of productive resources and assets;
  • Community resources are efficiently governed and managed with effective participation of Adivasi women;
  • Increased knowledge among critical actors/stakeholders on climate change adaptation strategies in Adivasi areas, empowerment of Adivasi community, climate smart agriculture, and collectives; and the incorporation of this learning in CARE India's programmes.

Examples of activities :

  • Immersion exercise to finalize the activity-set for Phase II in consultation with community representatives and other stakeholders (gendered vulnerability mapping, establishment of capacity baselines; study on community-based conservation and management systems);
  • Training programs (on gender, livelihood activities and opportunities, schemes, laws and technical skill building); formation of REFLECT circles; farmer field schools; mass awareness campaigns for disseminating knowledge and information on climate smart farming;
  • Collective Capacity Assessment (Baseline), Organization of collectives, technical support to collectives, exposure visits to Pathways and other relevant project sites ; demonstrating and celebrating successes, promoting networks of collectives and their linkages with resource organisations; assessing through a study the access, availability and targeting of various government schemes;
  • Interface meetings of women Adivasi farmers with public and private agricultural service providers and between SHGs and PRIs; pilot initiative on insurance for women with productive resources, advocacy on forest rights, water supply, distribution & infrastructure, piloting and demonstrating decentralized planning;
  • Documentation of success stories around knowledge themes; stakeholder workshop to disseminate CARE India's experiences; cross learning across projects (CARE India & CARE International); leverage CARE India volunteer youth network in advocacy on climate change; long-term social impact assessments.
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