Madagascar : Disaster risk reduction capacity-building (DIPECHO 4)

Fiche projet

Début : avril 2014
Fin : septembre 2015
Localisation : (Location) Sava, Analanjirofo and Atsinanana regions
Budget : €1,428,429
Partenaires locaux : (Local partners) National Board of Nutrition, District health services, Regional Directorates of Rural Development, Malagasy Red Cross.
Financé par : (Financed by) ECHO: European Commission's Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (€1,214,164)
Bénéficiaires : (Beneficiaries) 136,930 people living in the 3 intervention areas, both individuals and stakeholders of local governance structures. Women and young people will be particularly targeted and activities will be adapted to their needs.

Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world (151st out of 187 in the Human Development Index) and one of the most frequently subjected to natural disasters. The country has been identified as a high-risk country by ECHO.

Context

Disasters are diverse and affect most areas of the country. Cyclones, which cause devastating winds and floods, are frequent along the East Coast. Floods caused by cyclones, storms or episodes of persistent tropical rain can occur anywhere in the country. These events rarely occur on a very large scale. Yet, they are sufficiently serious and repeated to chronically disrupt the development of the rural economy.

The project aims to strengthen the resilience of communities facing high risks of natural disasters, by promoting adaptation to climate change. A multi-hazard approach is adopted to address disaster risk reduction in an integrated way. The project targets vulnerable areas, such as high-density towns on the East Coast, and intends to maximize the consolidation, replicability and scaling of the good practices developed during the three previous DIPECHO phases.

Health activities will also be conducted in order to better integrate health risk reduction into the overall framework. In this context, Médecins du Monde will partner with CARE.

Objectives

Overall objective : Contributing to the sustainable development of the areas most exposed to natural hazards, by strengthening community resilience through a multisectoral and integrated approach.

Specific objective : Providing vulnerable communities living in high-risk areas with better resilience to natural hazards, by developing innovative activities and consolidating the gains of the previous three phases of the DIPECHO project.

Activities

Result 1 : Building the local communities' capacity to independently prevent and respond to natural disasters and fostering a favourable institutional environment.

  • Building the technical and organizational capacities of local disaster risks management committees for greater proactivity to the risks of disasters;
  • Supporting local stakeholders (local committees, youth organizations and schools) with the organization of education and communication campaigns on disaster risk reduction and its link with climate change;
  • Supporting the local communities' construction of protection infrastructures, while providing technical training to committees;
  • Supporting existing VSLAs (Village Savings and Loan Association), which promote mutual funds and village savings and provide women with access to various local and vital services.

Result 2: Enabling communities to maintain a stable level of food security through the adoption of agricultural techniques adapted to the climatic constraints and the improvement resource management.

  • Supporting the committees in the implementation of small training units on agricultural products processing in the sites monitored by the Nutrition Community Workers of the National Board of Nutrition;
  • Supporting the farmers and Nutrition Community Workers in the implementation of crop diversification techniques adapted to the climatic constraints.

Result 3: Allowing healthcare stakeholders, strengthened and active in disaster risk management committees, to be able to cope with the health risks caused by natural disasters.

  • Training and equipping, in collaboration with the Malagasy Red Cross, a first-aid workers network and linking it with the primary health centers;
  • Rehabilitating healthcare structures and training the healthcare committees to care and maintenance;
  • Strengthening the stakeholders from the healthcare structures' capacities in relation to the management of inputs (drugs, consumables);
  • Training and equipping / strengthening emergency teams at the Public Health District level;
  • Strengthening the links and facilitating coordination between healthcare stakeholders and their colleagues within the Disaster Risk Reduction.

Result 4: Allowing DIPECHO partners to consolidate and duplicate the gains of the previous three phases for a better impact at the community level through a mechanism and a space for exchange.

  • Developing an implementation framework document of multisectoral activities (operating mode, responsibilities, contributions of each participant, coordination system);
  • Developing the DM&E system (Design, Monitoring and Evaluation) for a better interaction of the interventions of DIPECHO partners;
  • Supporting the project partners and government representatives (National Bureau of Risk Management and Emergency Management and Prevention Unit) in the organization of experience meetings, as well as inter-community exchange visits (local authorities and associations).
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