El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua : Reduction of risks related to drought in Central America

Fiche projet

Début : janvier 2015
Fin : janvier 2016
Localisation : (Location) El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala and Nicaragua - in particular, 10 municipalities along the Corredor Seco Centroamericano in Honduras and El Salvador, and regional bodies of the Central American Integration System.
Budget : €882,731
Partenaires locaux : (Local partners) ACF Spain, Plan International.
Financé par : (Financed by) ECHO
Bénéficiaires : (Beneficiaries) 400 families and 2,948 beneficiaries, including leaders and employees of the National Civil Protection System in 19 municipalities. These actions will indirectly reach 25,398 families benefiting from climate warning systems.

The arid corridor that crosses the tropical forests of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua is increasingly subject to risks of drought.

Context

The vagaries of climate change have been particularly pronounced in 2014. The region received nearly twice as less precipitation than average. In a region where agriculture remains the main source of livelihood for the local communities, drought has jeopardized many crops. Drought and climate variability threaten to further disrupt the local economy of this region which hosts 1.9 million families (9.5 million people).

CARE works in partnership with ACF and Plan International to improve the resilience and the adaptation of vulnerable communities facing episodes of drought caused by climate change. During the previous phase of this project, CARE and its partners have conducted field studies in order to identify the regions most affected by crop loss and by food insecurity caused by drought. Participatory workshops were organized in collaboration with ECHO partners and stakeholders from the National Risk Management System. These initiatives have helped develop strategies to improve the implementation and the dissemination of risk management tools by national and local governments, NGOs and vulnerable communities. The current project aims to encourage and guide the process of institutionalization of the various elements essential to the improvement of drought risk management.

Objectives

Overall objective: Contributing to the reduction of the consequences of drought in Central America through the implementation and the institutionalization of drought risk management processes and tools.

Specific objective: Promoting the local ownership and the effective implementation of drought risk management processes and tools within public institutions, NGOs, local governments and vulnerable communities.

Activities

Result 1: Improving the collection, dissemination and use of agro-climatic information, in order to contribute to the implementation of responsive drought risk management strategies by vulnerable local people and by managers of related local and national institutions.

  • Assessment of the capacity of meteorological institutes to monitor drought indicators and preparation of a manual providing guidance for the development and implementation of early warning systems;
  • Analysis and mapping of drought risks in the priority areas of the Central American Union;
  • Implementation of an agro-climatic information campaign aimed at informing the local decision-making process.

Result 2: Improving the preparation of the various institutions that make up the national civil protection systems and their ability to respond in a prompt manner to climatic events.

  • Organization of country worshops to assess the 2014-drought preparedness and the response to this climatic event;
  • The implementation, validation and dissemination of national drought protocols will be conducted by the National Risk Management Systems;
  • Organization of warning simulations;
  • Specialised training in drought risk management aimed at technicians and local authorities;
  • Organization of workshops, national and regional exchanges, dissemination of tools and protocols developed in the context of the project.

Result 3: Best practices for the management of water resources in the agricultural sector are institutionalized and encouraged by national and local actors and by NGOs, in order to mitigate the adverse consequences of drought.

  • Organization of exchange forums to promote the exchange of best practices for building resilience to drought at the community-level;
  • Development, dissemination and implementation of community organization, agrarian production and water resources management tools and practices;
  • Teachers training on the use (and teaching) of the Educational Guide on Climate Change and Drought Risk Management;
  • Identification of demonstrative actions and implementation by municipalities and / or organized communities;
  • Institutionalization and adoption of good practices and standards for drought risk management within the national governments of Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua.
YOU ARE CURRENTLY VISITING THE CARE FRANCE WEBSITE

If you want more information in English or want to visit other CARE websites around the world, go to www.care-international.org